Guffey Coal Act

In this article we will explore the fascinating world of Guffey Coal Act, a topic that has captured the attention of people of all ages and backgrounds. From its origin to its impact today, Guffey Coal Act has left an indelible mark on society and has generated endless debates and discussions. Along these lines, we will delve into the various aspects that make Guffey Coal Act such a relevant and interesting topic, analyzing its implications in different fields and its influence on people's daily lives. Without a doubt, Guffey Coal Act is a topic that leaves no one indifferent, and we hope that this exploration will help you better understand its importance and impact on the world around us.

The Guffey-Snyder Coal Act was a law, officially known as the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1935, passed in the United States in 1935 under Franklin D. Roosevelt as part of his New Deal. It created the Bituminous Coal Commission to set the price of coal and end other unfair practices of competition. The law also created the Bituminous Coal Labor Board to regulate maximum work hours and minimum wage but was later ruled to be unconstitutional in Carter v. Carter Coal Co. because the Supreme Court did not find the law's labor provisions to qualify as interstate commerce and therefore considered its actions beyond the jurisdiction of the federal government.

It was replaced in 1937 with the Guffey-Vinson Coal Act, officially known as the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act of 1937, which was not ruled unconstitutional. The act resurrected the Bituminous Coal Commission and reinstated the provisions regarding price fixing and the regulation of unfair practices but removed the labor provisions of the previous act. In 1939, the Bituminous Coal Commission was abolished, and its duties were transferred to the US Department of the Interior.

The Act increased profits, wages, and union membership, and reduced strikes. However, it faced opposition from businesses, republicans and conservatives for too much government interference in business, many felt it was a socialist policy. Conservatives feared it would set a precedent for regulation to affect other industries and thus questioned if it was constitutional. Large consumers of coal also argued it would unreasonably increase prices, and operators from the south and west said it discriminated against low-wage and non-union mines.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d "History Database Search - Guffey-Snyder Bituminous Coal Stabilization Act". Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2012-09-14.
  2. ^ https://www.nber.org/chapters/c2882.pdf [bare URL PDF]
  3. ^ "Search - the Encyclopedia of Earth".
  4. ^ http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=15760&st=&st1=#axzz1o0Kd9BZW

5. https://www.encyclopedia.com/economics/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/guffey-snyder-act-1935

Further reading

  • James P. Johnson. A "New Deal" for soft coal: the attempted revitalization of the bituminous coal industry under the New Deal (1979)